Diabetes Treatment


At Poseidonia Healthcare we offer three powerful Treatments that
has seen patients reduce and even stop the need for daily medication
for their Type 2 Diabetes.


Worldwide, over 450 million people suffering from Diabetes. Type 2 accounts for 90%, with 10% being Type 1 cases. Type 2 is mainly seen as a lifestyle-related disease. Genes do play a role in type 2, but lifestyle choices are also important. You can, for example, have a genetic mutation that may make you susceptible to type 2, but if you take good care of your body, you may not develop diabetes.
Say that two people have the same genetic mutation. One of them eats well, watches their cholesterol, and stays physically fit, and the other is overweight (BMI greater than 25) and inactive. The person who is overweight and inactive is much more likely to develop type 2 because certain lifestyle choices greatly influence how well your body uses insulin.

Lifestyle choices that affect the development of type 2 diabetes include:

  • Lack of exercise: Physical activity has many benefits—one of them being that it can help you avoid type 2 diabetes if you’re susceptible.
  • Unhealthy meal planning choices: A meal plan filled with high-fat foods and lacking in fibre (which you can get from grains, vegetables, and fruits) increases the likelihood of type 2.
  •  Overweight/Obesity: Lack of exercise and unhealthy meal planning choices can lead to obesity, or make it worse. Being overweight makes it more likely that you’ll become insulin resistant and can also lead to many other health conditions.

Integrating Natural Therapies to help or even reverse your Diabetes is starting to gain international attention. At Poseidonia Healthcare we offer three powerful Treatments that have seen patients reduce and even stop the need for daily medication for their Type 2.
Our core Therapies to treat Type 2 Diabetes are threefold; Pluripotent Stem Cell Therapy, Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy and Ozone Therapy. Independently each treatment has shown to reverse the effects of Type 2, however, using the three treatments in a combined approach has huge benefits to patients in both time under treatment and patient outcomes.

Type 2 Diabetes was believed to be a permanent disorder as continuous beta-cells loss from the pancreas was classed as a metabolic disorder, however thanks to Embryonic Pluripotent Stem Cells having the ability to stop Auto-Immune issues as well as allow the body to initiated repairs within the body to organs it is now possible for Stem Cell Therapy to bring back correct functions of the Pancreas and reverse this condition
HBOT has also been used for many years now to treat ulcers that can occur with patients suffering from diabetes and the additional Oxygen that is added to the system allows these to heal quickly and efficiently without the use of steroids.
Medical ozone treatment has been useful in the treatment of diabetes and its complications. It became clear that ameliorating oxidative stress through treatment with antioxidants has been an effective strategy for reducing diabetic complications. Because the expert Medical team look at your case as an individual they can advise the best course of treatment for you


Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. Blood glucose is your main source of energy and comes from the food you eat. Insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas, helps glucose from food get into your cells to be used for energy. Sometimes your body doesn’t make enough or any insulin or doesn’t use insulin well. Glucose then stays in your blood and doesn’t reach your cells. Over time, having too much glucose in your blood can cause health problems.

The WHO states that about 422 million people worldwide have diabetes, particularly in low-and middle-income countries, and 1.6 million deaths are directly attributed to diabetes each year. Both the number of cases and the prevalence of diabetes have been steadily increasing over the past few decades.
The most common types of diabetes are type 1 and type 2.


If you have Type 1, your body does not produce insulin. Your immune system attacks and destroys the cells in your pancreas that make insulin. Type 1 is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, although it can appear at any age. People with Type 1 need to take insulin every day to stay alive.


If you have Type 2, your body does not produce or use insulin well. You can develop Type 2 at any age, even during childhood. However, this type of diabetes occurs most often in middle-aged and older people. Type 2 is the most common type of diabetes.

Diabetes Overview

Diabetes mellitus refers to a group of diseases that affect how your body uses blood sugar (glucose). Glucose is vital to your health because it’s an important source of energy for the cells that make up your muscles and tissues. It’s also your brain’s main source of fuel.

The underlying cause of Diabetes varies by type. But, no matter what type you have, it can lead to excess sugar in your blood. Too much sugar in your blood can lead to serious health problems.

Chronic Diabetes conditions include type 1 and type 2. Potentially reversible Diabetes conditions include prediabetes, when your blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be classified as Diabetes.

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Symptoms Of Diabetes

Diabetes symptoms vary depending on how much your blood sugar is elevated. Some people, especially those with prediabetes or Type 2, may not experience symptoms initially. In Type 1, symptoms tend to come on quickly and be more severe.

Some of the signs and symptoms of Type 1 and Type 2 are:

  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Extreme hunger
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Presence of ketones in the urine (ketones are a byproduct of the breakdown of muscle and fat that happens when there’s not enough available insulin)
  • Fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Blurred vision
  • Slow-healing sores
  • Frequent infections, such as gums or skin infections and vaginal infections

Type 1 can develop at any age, though it often appears during childhood or adolescence. Type 2, the more common type, can develop at any age, though it’s more common in people older than 40.

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Causes Of Diabetes

To understand diabetes, first you must understand how glucose is normally processed in the body.

How insulin works

Insulin is a hormone that comes from a gland situated behind and below the stomach (pancreas).

  • The pancreas secretes insulin into the bloodstream.
  • The insulin circulates, enabling sugar to enter your cells.
  • Insulin lowers the amount of sugar in your bloodstream.
  • As your blood sugar level drops, so does the secretion of insulin from your pancreas.

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The role of glucose

Glucose, a sugar which is a source of energy for the cells that make up muscles and other tissues.

  • Glucose comes from two major sources: food and your liver.
  • Sugar is absorbed into the bloodstream, where it enters cells with the help of insulin.
  • Your liver stores and makes glucose.
  • When your glucose levels are low, such as when you haven’t eaten in a while, the liver breaks down stored glycogen into glucose to keep your glucose level within a normal range.
Causes of type 1 diabetes

The exact cause of Type 1 is unknown. What is known is that your immune system which normally fights harmful bacteria or viruses attacks and destroys your insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. This leaves you with little or no insulin. Instead of being transported into your cells, sugar builds up in your bloodstream.

Type 1 is thought to be caused by a combination of genetic susceptibility and environmental factors, though exactly what those factors are is still unclear. Weight is not believed to be a factor in Type 1 Diabetes.

Causes of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes

In prediabetes, which can lead to Type 2 Diabetes, your cells become resistant to the action of insulin, and your pancreas is unable to make enough insulin to overcome this resistance. Instead of moving into your cells where it’s needed for energy, sugar builds up in your bloodstream.

Exactly why this happens is uncertain, although it’s believed that genetic and environmental factors play a role in the development of Type 2 Diabetes too. Being overweight is strongly linked to the development of Type 2, but not everyone with Type 2 is overweight.

Diagnosis of Diabetes

Symptoms of Type 1 often appear suddenly and are often the reason for checking blood sugar levels. Because symptoms of other types of Diabetes and prediabetes come on more gradually or may not be evident, the American Diabetes Association (ADA) has recommended screening guidelines. The ADA recommends that the following people be screened for Diabetes:

  • Anyone with a body mass index higher than 25 (23 for Asian-Americans), regardless of age, who has additional risk factors, such as high blood pressure, abnormal cholesterol levels, a sedentary lifestyle, a history of polycystic ovary syndrome or Heart Disease, and having a close relative with the condition.
  • Anyone older than age 45 is advised to receive an initial blood sugar screening, and then, if the results are normal, to be screened every three years thereafter.
  • Anyone who has been diagnosed with prediabetes is advised to be tested every year.
Tests for type 1 and type 2 diabetes and prediabetes
  • Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test. This blood test, which doesn’t require fasting, indicates your average blood sugar level for the past two to three months. It measures the percentage of blood sugar attached to hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying protein in red blood cells.The higher your blood sugar levels, the more hemoglobin you’ll have with sugar attached. An A1C level of 6.5 percent or higher on two separate tests indicates that you have Diabetes. An A1C between 5.7 and 6.4 percent indicates prediabetes. Below 5.7 is considered normal.

If the A1C test results aren’t consistent, the test isn’t available, or you have certain conditions that can make the A1C test inaccurate such as if you’re pregnant or have an uncommon form of hemoglobin (known as a hemoglobin variant), your doctor may use the following tests to diagnose Diabetes:

  • Random blood sugar test. A blood sample will be taken at a random time. Regardless of when you last ate, a random blood sugar level of 200 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) 11.1 millimoles per liter (mmol/L) or higher suggests Diabetes.
  • Fasting blood sugar test. A blood sample will be taken after an overnight fast. A fasting blood sugar level less than 100 mg/dL (5.6 mmol/L) is normal. A fasting blood sugar level from 100 to 125 mg/dL (5.6 to 6.9 mmol/L) is considered prediabetes. If it’s 126 mg/dL (7 mmol/L) or higher on two separate tests, you have Diabetes.
  • Oral glucose tolerance test. For this test, you fast overnight, and the fasting blood sugar level is measured. Then you drink a sugary liquid, and blood sugar levels are tested periodically for the next two hours.A blood sugar level less than 140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L) is normal. A reading of more than 200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L) after two hours indicates Diabetes. A reading between 140 and 199 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L and 11.0 mmol/L) indicates prediabetes.

If Type 1 Diabetes is suspected, your urine will be tested to look for the presence of a by product produced when muscle and fat tissue are used for energy because the body doesn’t have enough insulin to use the available glucose (ketones). Your doctor will also likely run a test to see if you have the destructive immune system cells associated with Type 1 Diabetes called autoantibodies.

Treatments Of Diabetes

Here at Poseidonia Healthcare, we offer a full range of treatments for Diabetes, here are a few benefits of the more popular treatments:

Stem Cell Therapy

Pluripotent Stem Cell Treatment for Diabetes are able to effectively encourage the pancreas to create Beta Cells following the introduction of new Stem Cells into patients suffering from this disease. The patient receives the positive results due to the creation of healthy insulin within the damaged pancreas ensuring glucose is successfully turned into energy.

The unique ability for Pluripotent Stem Cell Treatment for Diabetes to stop Auto-Immune disorders and trigger repair is very exciting. Now, it is possible to reverse the condition and restore all pancreatic functions thus improving a patient’s quality of life substantially.


Increases the amount of oxygen in the blood stimulating development of new blood vessels from pre-existing vessels as well as the natural development of new blood vessels. HBOT also accelerates wound healing which increases production of nitric oxide in the bone marrow and microvasculature (smaller blood vessels). This in turn stimulates stem cells from the bone marrow, accelerating the wound healing process. Dilation of the smaller blood vessels enhances blood flow to areas of local tissue damage, hypoxia, and ischemia.

Maximise oxygen transport allows for 100% saturation of hemoglobin molecules. Additional O2 molecules then dissolve directly into the plasma (the fluid component of blood) for transport.

Ozone Therapy

Ozone Therapy has been used for the treatment of many dangerous diseases. The conventional treatment system has been not so much of a benefit in the case of these diseases. Diabetes is one. In many countries of the world, ozone therapy is used for Diabetes treatment.

Ozone therapy is an additional treatment for preventing complexities in case of diabetes along with probable amputations, diabetic retinopathy and improving ulcer healing.

In the case of Diabetes treatment, ozone therapy has the following effects:

  1. Improves the blood circulation.
  2. Stimulate the antioxidant defense systems.
  3. Activate immune cells.
  4. Modulate immune system.
  5. Activate red blood cells.
  6. Disinfect and clean wounds.

All these are very good for health. For a Diabetes patient, all these are very important.

Diabetic Wounds

Diabetic wounds are a major problem for modern-day health care.  The foot is the most common site of infection in the diabetic and is the number one reason for hospital admission in diabetic patients.  The annual cost of foot care is in excess of $15 billion and 25% of the 11 million Americans with diabetes will develop foot problems.  One in 15 will require an amputation.  The amputation rate in diabetics is six per 1,000 patients and account for 50-75% of all amputations done in each year in the US.  There were 152,000 amputations done in the US in 1986. Ten percent of these surgeries resulted in the loss of a foot, 35% in the loss of a lower leg, and 30% lost the knee joint.  Higher amputation occurs in 24% of the cases.  After an amputation, diabetic patients have a 50% survival rate three years post-surgery.

Diabetic wounds were approved for coverage under Medicare in 2003.  Wounds that benefit the most from HBOT are where the blood supply has been damaged, there is swelling and/or infection, or in wounds where the immune system is not functioning properly.

Diabetic ulcers are extremely expensive.  In 1985 reimbursement for diabetic foot complication permitted only ten days of hospitalisation at $731 per day, for a total reimbursement of $3,748.  The average stay in the hospital for treatment for diabetic foot infections is 22-36 days, at a cost of at least $5,000 to $7000.  These costs do not reflect outpatient expenditures.

In 2005, Kranke et al systematically reviewed HBO and chronic wounds, based on publications from 1966 too 2003, including five randomised controlled trials (RCT).43 In diabetic foot ulcers, HBOT significantly reduced the incidence of amputation. One leg amputation was avoided per four patients treated with HBOT.

In 2007 the Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technology in Health reported in “Adjunctive HBOT for Diabetic Foot Ulcer” that the economic benefit of avoiding major amputations significantly lowered treatment costs: $40,695 HBO vs. $49,786 for standard care.44

(Note: Dermagraft is a cryopreserved human fibroblast-derived dermal substitute composed of fibroblasts, extracellular matrix, and a bioabsorbable scaffold.  Dermagraft is used in the treatment of full-thickness diabetic foot ulcers greater than six weeks duration. Circulator Boot Corporation provides a product used in limb salvage.)

The cost of one amputation is reported to be in excess of $40,000.  Medicare reimbursement is approximately $12,500.  Hospitalisation averages about 40 days.  Subsequently, six to nine months of rehabilitation may be needed.  Many of these patients are elderly and remain wheelchair-bound for the rest of their lives.  The estimated direct cost of amputation is in excess of $1.5 billion yearly.  Readmission within two years for stump modification or more amputation costs another $1 billion yearly.  Many of these patients are unable to go back to work and require public assistance.

Diabetic Wound - Day one of treatment

Diabetic Wound
Day one of treatment

Diabetic Wound - Following ten treatments

Diabetic Wound
ten treatments

Diabetic Wound - Following forty-one treatments

Diabetic Wound
forty-one treatments

The physiological benefits of HBOT are improved oxygenation of the threatened margins of wounds, generation of granulation tissue (the collagen matrix for wound healing), enhanced phagocytosis (white blood cells eating damaged tissue and bacteria) and killing of microorganisms, enhanced antibiotic penetration, and improved wound healing with an increased rate of fibroblast collagen production that supports capillary angiogenesis (new growth).  The direct bacteriostatic effect of HBOT on anaerobic microorganisms is particularly beneficial.

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes, is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin. Insulin is a hormone needed to allow sugar (glucose) to enter cells to produce energy.

Different factors, including genetics and some viruses, may contribute to type 1 Diabetes. Although type 1 Diabetes usually appears during childhood, it can also develop in adults.

Stem Cell Research 
Dr Smith

In addition, external Stem Cell Research into Diabetes is extremely encouraging and supportive of the Pluripotent Stem Cell method.

As recently as 2019, there has been positive research findings relating to the positive benefit of Stem Cell Research into Diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that affects the way your body metabolises sugar (glucose) an important source of fuel for your body.

With type 2 diabetes, your body either resists the effects of insulin — a hormone that regulates the movement of sugar into your cells — or doesn’t produce enough insulin to maintain normal glucose levels.

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3 Ways Stem Cells Can Help Diabetes


epair & Regeneration – The primary function of Stem Cell Therapy is to repair and regenerate damaged tissue involving nerves, blood vessels, and even the kidneys and pancreas. Studies have shown improved glucose regulation and even improved kidney function following Stem Cell Therapy for type 2 as well as type 1.

Anti-Inflammatory – Stem Cell Therapy can also provide anti-inflammatory benefits throughout the body.

Inflammation is a direct contributor to all Chronic Illness and directly damages our cardiovascular system. This can lead to diabetes-related heart disease, among many other things.

Immune Regulation – Stem Cell Therapy helps regulate the immune system, which in many diabetics can contribute to the inability to control glucose. People who suffer from diabetes are much more susceptible to infections because of its impact on the immune system.

With Stem Cell Therapy, many successful patients require insulin injections less often, maintain better glycemic control, and experience increased energy levels. It is important to keep in mind that each stem cell diabetes patient is unique, so the length and the extent of Stem Cell Therapy for each individual must be determined on a case-by-case basis.

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