Brain Injury

Patient Improvements
Have Included

Stem cell therapy is a key treatment used at Poseidonia Healthcare for the treatment of Traumatic Brain Injuries. It involves the systemic introduction of Pluripotent Stem Cells injected into the body via IV into arteries or veins, they travel to the brain to fuel the repair process.

Most of our patients who have suffered from Traumatic Brain Injuries have been treated with the combination of Pluripotent Stem Cells and supportive therapies (including Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy and Ozone Therapy), showed visible signs of improvement in the following areas.

Patient Improvements

Improved motor function.
Improved muscle tone and spasticity.
Improved speech.
Improved balance and coordination.
Improved fine and gross motor skills.
Improved cognition and memory.
Improved ability to swallow.

HBOT & Stem Cells to Treat Brain Injury

At Poseidonia Healthcare our two main treatments for Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) are Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) and Pluripotent Stem Cell Therapy, both treatments work on repairing TBI in different ways.

Stem Cell Therapy

Pluripotent Stem Cell Therapy has shown great promise with our Patients suffering from Traumatic Brain Injury. Our Stem Cells produce specific growth factors that create and enhance the production of the patient’s own Neural Stem Cells and Neural Tissue. At the time of the Brain Injury, the patient’s own Neural Stem Cells and other repair mechanisms will work to stop any bleeding or damage which will normally trigger a certain degree of repair. However, the recovery is very rarely completed by the patient’s own Stem Cells.

Poseidonia Healthcare you receive a daily application of 20 million Pluripotent Stem Cells given intravenously. After receiving our Pluripotent Stem Cell Treatment, the brain repair mechanism will activate, and effects will normally be seen within 10 days of receiving the treatment. This will, of course, be dependent upon each Patients individual situation.

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy

Just as practising physicians routinely identify off-label uses for medications, over the years HBOT physicians have identified many other conditions that respond to HBOT. A number of chronic neurological conditions including Traumatic Brain Injury have been shown to respond particularly well. There is published literature supporting HBOT’s efficacy for  TBI, including human trials and animal research,

The brain uses approximately 20% of your oxygen intake. This explains why the brain can be easily damaged when it is starved of oxygen even for small amounts of time. When there is damage to the brain its first reaction is to swell to protect the damaged areas, however, this leads to oxygen depletion and the affected areas do not receive enough oxygen. HBOT is a process of flooding the body with Oxygen, enriching your red blood cells and your plasma. Because the brain is mainly surrounded by plasma, large amounts of oxygen are able to enter the brain to allows deep healing.

HBOT can dramatically and permanently improve symptoms of chronic traumatic Brain Injury months or even many years after the original head injury.

The recommended treatment for TBI will be directed by our Medical Team of course depend on the severity of your condition. We have over 10 years of experience in successfully treating Brain Injury patients using our combination of HBOT and Pluripotent Stem Cells Therapy.

The Treatments We Offer For
Brain Injury

Overview For Brain Injury

The leading causes of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) that resulted in emergency department visits were falls, being struck by an object and motor vehicle crashes. Indirect forces that jolt the brain violently within the skull, such as shock waves from battlefield explosions, can also cause Traumatic Brain Injury. In addition, Traumatic Brain Injury can result from bullet wounds or other injuries that penetrate the skull and brain.

Doctors classify Traumatic Brain Injury as mild, moderate or severe, depending on whether the injury causes unconsciousness, how long unconsciousness lasts and the severity of symptoms. Although most Traumatic Brain Injuries are classified as mild because they’re not life-threatening, even a mild Traumatic Brain Injury can have serious and long-lasting effects.

Resulting from an impact to the head that disrupts normal brain function, Traumatic Brain Injury is a threat to cognitive health in two ways:

  1. A Traumatic Brain Injury’s direct effects which may be long-lasting or even permanent can include unconsciousness, inability to recall the traumatic event, confusion, difficulty learning and remembering new information, trouble speaking coherently, unsteadiness, lack of coordination, and problems with vision or hearing.
  2. Certain types of Traumatic Brain Injury may increase the risk of developing Alzheimer’s or another type of dementia years after the injury takes place.

Brain Injury - Poseidonia Healthcare - Types of Brain Injury

Symptoms Of Brain Injury

Traumatic Brain Injury can have wide-ranging physical and psychological effects. Some signs or symptoms may appear immediately after the traumatic event, while others may appear days or weeks later. The effects of a Traumatic Brain Injury on an individual depends on a number of factors such as the type, location and severity of the injury.

Mild traumatic brain injury

The signs and symptoms of mild Traumatic Brain Injury may include:

Physical symptoms

  • Loss of consciousness for a few seconds to a few minutes
  • No loss of consciousness, but a state of being dazed, confused or disoriented
  • Headache
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Fatigue or drowsiness
  • Problems with speech
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Sleeping more than usual
  • Dizziness or loss of balance

Sensory symptoms

  • Sensory problems, such as blurred vision, ringing in the ears, a bad taste in the mouth or changes in the ability to smell
  • Sensitivity to light or sound

Cognitive or mental symptoms

  • Memory or concentration problems
  • Mood changes or mood swings
  • Feeling depressed or anxious
Moderate to severe traumatic brain injuries

Moderate to severe traumatic brain injuries can include any of the signs and symptoms of mild injury, as well as these symptoms that may appear within the first hours to days after a head injury:

Physical symptoms

  • Loss of consciousness from several minutes to hours
  • Persistent headache or headache that worsens
  • Repeated vomiting or nausea
  • Convulsions or seizures
  • Dilation of one or both pupils of the eyes
  • Clear fluids draining from the nose or ears
  • Inability to awaken from sleep
  • Weakness or numbness in fingers and toes
  • Loss of coordination

Cognitive or mental symptoms

  • Profound confusion
  • Agitation, combativeness or other unusual behavior
  • Slurred speech
  • Coma and other disorders of consciousness
Children’s symptoms

Infants and young children with brain injuries might not be able to communicate headaches, sensory problems, confusion and similar symptoms. In a child with Traumatic Brain Injury, you may observe:

  • Change in eating or nursing habits
  • Unusual or easy irritability
  • Persistent crying and inability to be consoled
  • Change in ability to pay attention
  • Change in sleep habits
  • Seizures
  • Sad or depressed mood
  • Drowsiness
  • Loss of interest in favourite toys or activities

Mild Traumatic Brain Injury symptoms are usually temporary and clear up within hours, days or weeks; however, on occasion, they can last months or longer.

Moderate Traumatic Brain Injury causes unconsciousness lasting more than 30 minutes but less than 24 hours, and severe Traumatic Brain Injury causes unconsciousness for more than 24 hours. Symptoms of moderate and severe Traumatic Brain Injury are similar to those of mild Traumatic Brain Injury, but more serious and longer-lasting.

In all forms of Traumatic Brain Injury, cognitive changes are among the most common, disabling and long-lasting symptoms that can result directly from the injury. The ability to learn and remember new information is often affected. Other commonly affected cognitive skills include the capacity to pay attention, organize thoughts, plan effective strategies for completing tasks and activities, and make sound judgments. More severe changes in thinking skills a hallmark characteristic of dementia may develop years after the injury took place and the person appears to have recovered from its immediate effects.

Causes Of Brain Injury

Traumatic Brain Injury usually results from a violent blow or jolt to the head or body. An object that penetrates brain tissue, such as a bullet or shattered piece of skull, also can cause Traumatic Brain Injury.

Mild Traumatic Brain Injury may affect your brain cells temporarily. More-serious Traumatic Brain Injury can result in bruising, torn tissues, bleeding and other physical damage to the brain. These injuries can result in long-term complications or death.

Falls are the most common cause of Traumatic Brain Injury, and falling poses an especially serious risk for older adults. When a senior sustains a serious Traumatic Brain Injury in a fall, direct effects of the injury may result in long-term cognitive changes, reduced ability to function and changes in emotional health.

Motor vehicle crashes are another common cause of Traumatic Brain Injury. You can reduce your risk by keeping your vehicle in good repair, following the rules of the road and buckling your seat belt. You can also protect your head by wearing a helmet and other protective equipment when biking, inline skating or playing contact sports.

Common events causing Traumatic Brain Injury include the following:

  • Falls. Falls from bed or a ladder, down stairs, in the bath and other falls are the most common cause of Traumatic Brain Injury overall, particularly in older adults and young children.
  • Vehicle-related collisions. Collisions involving cars, motorcycles or bicycles — and pedestrians involved in such accidents — are a common cause of Traumatic Brain Injury.
  • Violence. Gunshot wounds, domestic violence, child abuse and other assaults are common causes. Shaken baby syndrome is a Traumatic Brain Injury in infants caused by violent shaking.
  • Sports injuries. Traumatic Brain Injuries may be caused by injuries from a number of sports, including soccer, boxing, football, baseball, lacrosse, skateboarding, hockey, and other high-impact or extreme sports. These are particularly common in youth.
  • Explosive blasts and other combat injuries. Explosive blasts are a common cause of Traumatic Brain Injury in active-duty military personnel. Although how the damage occurs isn’t yet well-understood, many researchers believe that the pressure wave passing through the brain significantly disrupts brain function. Traumatic Brain Injury also results from penetrating wounds, severe blows to the head with shrapnel or debris, and falls or bodily collisions with objects following a blast.

Diagnosis for Brain Injury

Traumatic Brain Injuries are usually emergencies and consequences can worsen rapidly without treatment. Doctors usually need to assess the situation quickly.

Evaluations by health care professionals typically include:

  • Questions about the circumstances of the injury.
  • Assessment of the person’s level of consciousness and confusion.
  • Neurological examination to assess memory and thinking, vision, hearing, touch, balance, reflexes, and other indicators of brain function.

Let your physician know if you are taking medications (prescription, over-the-counter or “natural remedies”), especially blood thinners such as Coumadin and aspirin, because they can increase the chance of complications. Also inform your health care professional if you drink alcohol or take illicit drugs.

Depending on the cause of the Traumatic Brain Injury and the severity of symptoms, brain imaging with computed tomography (CT) may be needed to determine if there’s bleeding or swelling in the brain. If you experience a Traumatic Brain Injury, it should be noted in your permanent medical record and mentioned whenever familiarizing a new doctor with your medical history.

Glasgow Coma Scale

This 15-point test helps a doctor or other emergency medical personnel assess the initial severity of a Brain Injury by checking a person’s ability to follow directions and move their eyes and limbs. The coherence of speech also provides important clues.

Abilities are scored from three to 15 in the Glasgow Coma Scale. Higher scores mean less severe injuries.

Information about the injury and symptoms

If you saw someone sustain an injury or arrived immediately after an injury, you may be able to provide medical personnel with information that’s useful in assessing the injured person’s condition.

Answers to the following questions may be beneficial in judging the severity of injury:

  • How did the injury occur?
  • Did the person lose consciousness?
  • How long was the person unconscious?
  • Did you observe any other changes in alertness, speaking, coordination or other signs of injury?
  • Where was the head or other parts of the body struck?
  • Can you provide any information about the force of the injury? For example, what hit the person’s head, how far did he or she fall, or was the person thrown from a vehicle?
  • Was the person’s body whipped around or severely jarred?
Imaging tests
  • Computerized tomography (CT) scan. This test is usually the first performed in an emergency room for a suspected Traumatic Brain Injury. A CT scan uses a series of X-rays to create a detailed view of the brain. A CT scan can quickly visualize fractures and uncover evidence of bleeding in the brain (hemorrhage), blood clots (hematomas), bruised brain tissue (contusions), and brain tissue swelling.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). An MRI uses powerful radio waves and magnets to create a detailed view of the brain. This test may be used after the person’s condition stabilizes, or if symptoms don’t improve soon after the injury.
Intracranial pressure monitor

Tissue swelling from a traumatic brain injury can increase pressure inside the skull and cause additional damage to the brain. Doctors may insert a probe through the skull to monitor this pressure.

Treatments for Brain Injury

Here at Poseidonia Healthcare, we offer a full range of treatments for Brain Injury, here are a few benefits of the more popular treatments:

Stem Cell Therapy

Pluripotent Stem Cell Therapy for Brain Injury patients has shown great promise with our Patients. Many of the problems associated with Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) occur due to neural tissue being damaged as the brain is under pressure, swelling within the restricted space of the skull. Whether the brain injury is recent or happened many years ago, Stem Cell Treatment for Brain Injury will start repairing this damage and can often even fully restore many or all of the functions that have been lost after the injury.

The length and intensity required for Stem Cell Treatment for Brain Injury at our clinic will of course depend on the severity of your symptoms and neural issues. We have over 10 years of experience in successfully treating Brain Injury patients using our unique and world leading Embryonic Stem Cells.

Our Stem Cells produce specific growth factors that create and enhance the production of the patient’s Neural Stem Cells and Neural Tissue. At the time of the Brain injury, the patient’s own Neural Stem Cells and other repair mechanisms will work to stop any bleeding or damage which will normally trigger a certain degree of repair. However, the recovery is very rarely completed by the patient’s own Stem Cells. A daily application of our Stem Cell Treatment with 20 million high-efficacy Embryonic Stem Cells given intravenously gives a huge healing and normalisation effect in nearly all cases. This will of course be dependent to the period of time and the individual situation of the patient.


When cells in the brain die, either from trauma or lack of oxygen, blood plasma leaks out into surrounding brain tissue causing swelling and reducing blood flow. Insufficient blood flow causes cells that would otherwise function normally to go dormant because they aren’t receiving enough oxygen.

HBOT dramatically increases the oxygen carried in the blood plasma, making oxygen available to heal damaged capillary walls, preventing plasma leakage and reducing swelling. As the swelling decreases, blood flow can be restored to the dormant tissue through the generation of new blood vessels. With sufficient blood flow the cells have the potential to function again.

Effects And Recovery

The effects of a traumatic brain injury on an individual depends on a number of factors such as the type, location and severity of injury. Symptoms can be wide-ranging, from physical effects such as balance problems, headaches and dizziness to cognitive, emotional and behavioural effects such as memory problems, fatigue and anger.

Where the effects of brain injury persist or cause problems, a person may be referred to rehabilitation services. Rehabilitation aims to help the brain learn alternative ways of working in order to minimise the long-term impact of the brain injury, and help the survivor and their family to cope successfully with any remaining disabilities.

Stem Cell Treatment for tbi
Dr Smith

Stem Cell Treatment for Brain Injury restores and repairs the functions which have been lost due to injury. When patients receive the Stem Cell Therapy for Brain Injury, the cells produce specific growth factors that create and enhance the production of the patient’s Neural Stem Cells and Neural Tissue directly.

Re-creating the damaged tissue very often causes huge cognitive and bodily improvements for our patients.

Degenerative Brain Diseases

Research suggests that repeated or severe traumatic brain injuries might increase the risk of degenerative brain diseases. But, this risk can’t be predicted for an individual — and researchers are still investigating if, why and how traumatic brain injuries might be related to degenerative brain diseases.

A degenerative brain disorder can cause gradual loss of brain functions, including: Alzheimer’s disease, which primarily causes the progressive loss of memory and other thinking skills.
Parkinson’s disease, a progressive condition that causes movement problems, such as tremors, rigidity and slow movements.

Patient Information
Ask A Question

Statistics For Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)


round one million people visit A&E each year following a head injury. While the majority of these people will experience no lasting effects, many others will be left with a Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) that can have devastating and lifelong effects.

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is an injury to the brain caused by a trauma to the head (head injury). There are many possible causes, including road traffic accidents, assaults, falls and accidents at home or at work.

A brief period of unconsciousness, or just feeling sick and dizzy, may result from a person banging their head getting into the car, walking into the top of a low door way, or slipping over in the street. It is estimated that 75-80% of all head injuries fall into this category.

A moderate head injury is defined as loss of consciousness for between 15 minutes and six hours, or a period of post-traumatic amnesia of up to 24 hours. The patient can be kept in hospital overnight for observation, and then discharged if there are no further obvious medical injuries. Patients with moderate head injury are likely to suffer from a number of residual symptoms.

Severe head injury is usually defined as being a condition where the patient has been in an unconscious state for six hours or more, or a post-traumatic amnesia of 24 hours or more. These patients are likely to be hospitalised and receive rehabilitation once the acute phase has passed. Depending on the length of time in coma, these patients tend to have more serious physical deficits.

need help?

Contact Poseidonia Healthcare to learn more about innovative regenerative therapies.